The Reading (45 seconds to read)

Convergent Evolution

Evolution is the process in which, over time, animals develop the characteristics required to survive in their natural environment. One form of this is convergent evolution, which is when animals living in completely separate geographic areas end up with many identical features.  This occurs when the habitats of two creatures resemble each other  in some way.  Because they live in similar habitats, the animals end up needing similar specialties in order to survive and reproduce.  In certain cases the animals are so alike that they may end up being mistaken for each other, while in other cases they only share a few features

The Lecture

 

The Prompt (30 seconds to prepare, 50 seconds to speak)

Using the examples from the lecture, explain the concept of convergent evolution. 

Sample Answer